Library databases & other resources for Chem 124L
(Laboratory Methods for Inorganic Chemistry)

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Cory Craig

Research Support Services
Subject Specialist Librarian

cjcraig@ucdavis.edu

530-752-2002

In this Guide:

1.  Find an article database that indexes research in your area.

Use the Subject Guides  page to identify article databases for your discipline.  Click on the broad area that covers your subject (e.g. Physical Sciences or Engineering)  or scroll down to see the list of subjects (departments), Subject guides list library resources, including article databases, for a given discipline.

The main databases used to find chemistry articles are:  SciFinder and Web of Science, these are listed below.  You can also use Google Scholar, if you only need to find a few good articles on a topic, or a known item (i.e., you know the title or exactly which article you want), but SciFinder and Web of Science are the best options for most searches.

 


SciFinder      Registration Required     (from off-campus:  login to VPN  first)

See below for how to register for a SciFinder Account

SciFinder is the most comprehensive bibliographic database for scholarly research in the field of chemistry. It contains over 49 million citations and indexes over 50,000 journals, covering all aspects of chemistry, including chemical aspects of: biology and life sciences, engineering and materials science, food science, geology, medicine, physics, and polymer science. SciFinder also allows searching of chemical substances, chemical reactions, and includes some property data and spectra. It is the online version of Chemical Abstracts.

     Coverage: 1907 – present    (with selected pre-1907 material)
     Cited Reference Searching:  1996 – present    (allows you to identify who is citing an article)
     SciFinder  Training:  How to Search


SciFinder: Register for Account

You must register for a SciFinder account before you can use the database.  (from off-campus:  login to VPN  first to access registration page)

 

One-Time Registration (on-campus):
1. Go to the UC SciFinder website, under “New User?” select Davis (UCD).

2. Review the instructions for creating a username/password, click the registration link at end of the page. You must register with your “ucdavis.edu” email account.

3. When you receive a confirmation email, click the link in the message to complete the registration. Check your spam folder if you do not see the confirmation email in your inbox.

Once you have an account, logon to SciFinder.

One-Time Registration (off-campus):
First,  log in thru the VPN, then complete steps 1-3 above.


Web Of Science

Use Web of Science to find scholarly articles in all disciplines, including chemistry. This database can also be used to identify articles that cite an article that you specify.

     Coverage:  1900 – present
     Cited Reference Searching:  1900 – present  (allows you to identify who is citing an article).
     Web of Science Help: How to Search

 

 

Google Scholar        

for Advanced Search:  Click on menu/hamburger/3 bars image  (upper left)

Covers “scholarly literature… across many disciplines” but does not indicate which publishers or provide any specifics on what is included and left out.  For more info, see: About Google Scholar.

     Coverage:  Google does not specify what they cover.
     Cited Reference Searching:  Google does not specify what they cover.

Google Scholar Search Tips

 


Google Searching: Make Google Work For You

Google Scholar:  How do you actually GET the articles?

On-Campus:    You should be able to access any online journal that UC Davis subscribes to.
Off-Campus:    You must install the VPN client first, to access online journals UC Davis subscribes to.

No UCD Online Subscription?:  We may have a print subscription.  Check the library catalog .  If we do not have a print or online subscription, you can request articles through Interlibrary Loan.

 

Google Scholar:  Set Preferences to Show UCe-Links

From the Google Scholar Settings page:

Click on Library Links in the left toolbar
By default you will see OpenWorldCat – Library Search   (that is the backend to our MELVYL Catalog System)
Search for “California”

–Select:  California Digital Library –UC-eLinks

Search for “Davis”

–Select:  University of California Davis – UCD-eLinks

You should have three Library links as shown below (Open WorldCat, California Digital Library, and University of California Davis).
Click SAVE
Now when you search in Google Scholar: you should see the UC-eLinks link on the right side of your search results.

 

Google Scholar  Author Profiles:  Finding and Creating

An Author Profile in Google Scholar Citations allows faculty and other researchers to create a web page that lists their publications, provides citation metrics, and tracks citations to publications.

Create an Author Profile:  see: Setting Up Your Profile

To find Google Scholar profiles for other UC Davis chemists:
Search Google for:  “Verified email at ucdavis.edu” chemistry -label site:scholar.google.com
–Or click:     “Verified email at ucdavis.edu” chemistry -label site:scholar.google.com

Note:  Citations to publications in Google Scholar can include duplication and citation from non-scholarly works.

 



2. Conduct Your Search: 

For help with your search, visit a library reference desk.  Tips on limiting your search by document type, year, and eliminating duplicates are below.

SCIFINDER:

The SciFinder database contains both “CAPLUS” (SciFinder citations to chemistry literature)  and “MEDLINE” (citations from the PubMed database to medical literature).  Because of this some citations can appear more than once, see below for how to eliminate duplication

  • Use REFINE tab to limit your search by document type, year of publication, and other options
  • Use TOOLS to eliminate duplicates

 


WEB OF SCIENCE:

LIMITS: After conducting your search, use the blue REFINE RESULTS bar to the left to limit your search by:

  • Document Type
  • Publication Year
  • Duplicates should not be an issue

Use the SORT BY option in the upper right to sort your articles by times cited:

  • SORT BY:  Times Cited – highest to lowest
  • Highly cited articles generally have a higher impact

The asterisk is a truncation symbol, so your search will include: cause or causes or causal, etc.)

Too few hits?
Focus your search by adding additional terms to your search, connected with AND:

  • Use REFINE results toolbar on the right to limit your search by document type, year of publication, and other options
  • Duplicates should not be an issue

Too many hits?

  • Limit your search by doing a TITLE search rather than a TOPIC search.  Change the default “TOPIC” to “TITLE” by clicking on the dropdown arrow to the right of the search box.

 

GOOGLE SCHOLAR:

LIMIT your search:

 

In academic work, it is important to cite your sources anytime you quote or summarize any work that is not created by you. This includes: text, charts, photos, graphs, diagrams, ideas, or anything else that you did not create.

2 Minute Video:  How to Cite Your Sources

 

To cite your sources correctly, you need to understand:

  1. Parts of a Citation
  2. What Citation Style to Use
  3. How to use “in-text” and “full citations” citations in your academic papers


1. Parts Of A Citation:

Here is a citation to an article in the journal Science

C. B. . Thompson. (1995).  Apoptosis in the pathogenesis and treatment of disease. Science. 267(5203), pp. 1456-1462.

Below, I use the citation above, to show what information each part of the citation is giving you:

 

Author C. B. Thompson
Year Published 1995
Title of Article Apoptosis in the pathogenesis and treatment of disease
Title of Journal: Science
Volume: 267
Issue: 5203
Pages: 1456-1462

 

 


2. What Citation Style Should I Use?

Many different Citation Styles exist, print manuals or online sites should be available to explain how to use them.  Use the citation style your professor or TA indicates.  The dominant citation style for chemistry is given in Chapter 14 of the ACS Style Guide.

 

ACS Style Guide, Chapter 14:
American Chemical Society (ACS) guidelines for citations of all types. See Table 14-2 (pgs 292-293) for common types of references with examples.

CASSI Journal Abbreviations:
Use to look up journal abbreviations to use in your citations.

Can’t My Computer Do this for me??

Yes.  You can export citations from article databases like SciFinder or Web of Science to Endnote Web.

Then have Endnote Web put them in ACS format for you.

See the:  Getting Started with Endnote Online Guide

OR, xcroll down to the box called:  Endnote Online in 5 Easy Steps, and  follow the instructions for setting up a Endnote Online account, and exporting citations from SciFinder.

 

ACS Style Guide:  
The entire Style Guide is available online and provides important reference info for all chemists.  Chapters include: Ethics in Scientific Publication;  Scientific Papers (defines what a review paper is); Peer Review; Conventions for formulas, elements, substances, tables, etc.
Also available in print at PSE Library, Reference Area:  QD8.5 A25 [YEAR]

If your professor or TA did not specify a particular Citation Style or Citation Manual, ask them which one to use, or use the library’s “Citation Styles web page”  to select one.

 


3. How to Use “in-text” and “full citations” in your academic papers: 

When you are writing a paper and need to cite your sources, you will use both steps below.
When asked to cite an article, in a given format, go directly to step 3-2.

The format of both in-text and full citations will depend on the Citation Style you use.

 

3.1)  Place in-text citations within your paper,

using the appropriate citation style:

Example: In-Text Citations
number format, superscript:

what-you-summarized-or-quoted.1

 
number format, italics:

what-you-summarized-or-quoted (1).    

author-name and date format:

what-you-summarized-or-quoted  (Thompson, 1995).   

3.2)  Then place full citations at the end of your paper,

using the appropriate citation style:

Example: Full Citations At End
 

 

 

 

 


 

Use “Endnote Online”  to put your citations in ACS Format:

 

1. Register for an Endnote Online account

Use the link above, or,
From the Web of Science database: click on the “Endnote” link  (in gray bar at top screen)

 

2.  Getting References INTO Endnote

 

From Web of Science:

Log on to Endnote Online
Search Web of Science.  Then from the Web of Science results screen:

Select citations to export,

click on the Save to EndNote online link
choose  Save to EndNote online

Use Numbers of Records to identify which citations to send, then for Record Content  choose:   (Author, Title, Source, and Abstract)
click SEND

Export will happen automatically

 

From SciFinder:   Two step process to get citations into Endnote Online

Step 1: Conduct your search in SciFinder.   Then: select citations to export (use checkboxes)
Click EXPORT  (near top right)

Choose TAGGED FORMAT (*.txt)
Name it or note the name of the file
Click EXPORT

Click SAVE file   (remember what you named it)

Step 2: Log on to Endnote Online
Under COLLECT, select IMPORT REFERENCES
Enter:

FILE:  Use the BROWSE button to select the file you created above
IMPORT OPTION:  Choose SciFinder (CAS).
If you don’t see it, click SELECT FAVORITES, select “SciFinder (CAS)” in the ALL box, the click COPY TO FAVORITES.
TO:  Select the Endnote Online Group where you want the citations imported.

Click IMPORT

 

You can also cut and paste, or enter citations manually

 

3.  Create Libraries (two methods)

 

ORGANIZE tab

MANAGE MY GROUPS
New Group

–OR–

MY REFERENCES tab

Select references for new library
ADD TO GROUP –> New Group

 

4.  Getting References OUT of Endnote

To create List of References:

Select  FORMAT tab
Select BIBLIOGRAPHY

References: choose library
Bibliographic Style: choose citation style
File Format: choose RTF

Choose:  SAVE, EMAIL or Preview & Print

Cite While You Write

Let’s you embed citations in your Word document, while using Endnote Online to format them

 

 

5.  Sharing References

Allows you to share references with others

ORGANIZE tab
Manage My Groups
Manage Sharing:   Add email(s)

 

 


ENDNOTE —  Client/Desktop Version: Where to Get It & How to Learn It


Endnote is citation management software that allows you to store, manage, and format bibliographic citations, and easily change formatting of citations in Word documents.  Available free to UC Davis students, faculty & staff (campus has a site license).
Two versions are available:

  • Endnote client/desktop:   Requires installation of software, more powerful, best choice for faculty and grad students. 
  • Endnote Online:   Requires online registration.  Usually the best choice for undergraduate students.  

 

Endnote: Getting Started Guide

Covers (for both versions):

  • getting references into and out of Endnote
  • using Endnote with Word
  • setting up Endnote Libraries, Preferences, Groups, and Journal Abbreviations

 


BASIC Resources for Properties


CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics       QD65 C4, Reference (Chem Ref Table)

 

ChemNetBase

A collection of major chemisty reference books.
Search each title individually, or select “Combined Chemical Dictionary” to search the 5 “Dictionary of…” titles simultaneously.

 

Combined Chemical Dictionary   (CCD)

CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics

Polymers: A Property Database

Properties of Organic Compounds

 

Kaye & Laby Tables of Physical & Chemical Constants   (16th ed., 1995)     QC61 .K3 1995, Reference 

Includes important physical and chemical property data from across the spectrum of chemistry and physics.
It is freely available from the UK’s National Physical Laboratory.
Use the  Search Feature  or browse via the Table of Contents

 

Merck Index    RS51 M4 1996 Reference (Chem Ref Table)

An encyclopedia of chemicals, drugs, and biological substances. The Merck Index contains over 11,000 entries (referred to as monographs) mostly for single substances and related compounds (isomers, salts, etc.). Some families of natural products and biological substances are included as well. Data provided include: chemical, generic, and brand names; CAS (Chemical Abstracts Service) registry numbers; physical data and literature references; structures and stereochemistry; toxicity; and information on therapeutic and non-medicinal uses.  The Merck Index Online also includes sections on: organic name reactions, and additional tables. The Merck Index can be searched by structure with installation of a free ChemDraw plug-in available on the structure search page.
Merck User Help Guides

 

Lange’s Handbook of Chemistry       QD65 L36 1992, Reference (Chem Ref Table)

 

Perry’s Chemical Engineers Handbook    (via CDL hosted site)      TP151 P45 2008, Reference (Chem Ref Table)

 

 


 DATABASES for Properties


REAXYS

Provides property, structure and reaction data for millions of chemical substances (organic, inorganic and organometallic) and chemical reactions.  Up to hundreds of fields of chemical and physical property information are available.  Reaxys combines the Beilstein Handbook of Organic Chemistry, the Gmelin Handbook of Inorganic and Organometallic Chemistry and the Elsevier Patent Chemistry Database.  It is searchable by text keywords, numerical physical and chemical properties, and by chemical structures and substructures.

Coverage:
1772 – present         Chemical substances
1976 – present         Chemical patents
1980 – present         Organic chemistry journal articles
1995 – present         Inorganic chemistry journal articles

Help:
Reaxys Help

Reaxys Learn & Support Center

Quick Start to REAXYS 2.0

 

SciFinder      [Registration Required]      

 In addition to being the most comprehensive bibliographic database for chemistry, SciFinder also allows searching of chemical substances, chemical reactions, and includes some property data and spectra.

Coverage: 1907 – present    (with selected pre-1907 material)
Java or Non-Java Structure Editor (optional)
SciFinder can only be used by UC students, faculty and staff.
About SciFinder:  On & Off-Campus Use, Troubleshooting & Help, Guides

 

Cambridge Structural Database  (WebCSD)        UC Davis site license funded by the Chemistry Department

The web version of Cambridge Structural Database  (CSD) provides crystallographic, chemical and bibliographic information for more than 544,000 organic and organometallic compounds whose 3D structures have been determined by x-ray or neutron diffraction (nearly 600,000 structures).

 

 NIST Chemistry WebBook

Provides thermochemical data for over 6500 organic and small inorganic compounds. Data available may include: gas phase and condensed phase thermochemistry data, reaction thermochemistry data, phase change data, spectra (IR, Mass, UV), Henry’s Law data, gas phase ion energetics data, ion clustering data, vibrational and/or electronic energy levels, gas phase kinetics, and thermophysical properties of fluid systems.

Help:  Guide to NIST Chemistry WebBook

 


MORE Resources for Properties


Physical Reference Data (NIST Physics Lab)

Another source from the National Insititute of Standards and Technology. Categories include Physical Constants, Units, and Conversion Factors, Atomic Spectroscopic Data, Molecular Spectroscopic Data, and X-Ray and Gamma-Ray Data.

 

Smithsonian Physical Tables (Knovel)

Common physical and chemical data.

 


Landolt-Bornstein  //  Springer-Materials

The Library does not have a license for SpringerMaterials.
We do have online access to the predecessor to SpringerMaterials, Landolt-Börnstein for 2009 and earlier.

In most cases, you can access the 2009 and earlier information in our online volumes of Landolt-Börnstein.  For the more recent content added to SpringerMaterials, you’ll need to refer to one or more of the alternate sources listed below.

 


How to Access SpringerMaterials  via Landolt-Börnstein:


Each record in SpringerMaterials has a source. If the source of the document you need is Landolt-Börnstein and from 2009 or earlier, you can get the PDF through Portico.

From SpringerMaterials, note the title of the document and volume in Landolt. Browse the alphabetical list of volumes in Portico, then that volume’s table of contents to find your document PDF.  Here’s a handout (PDF) with some screenshots from both databases.  At present, the volumes are listed alphabetically by their English titles, but eventually will be grouped into subject sections for easier browsing.

Some of the volumes in Portico are alphabetized by their subtitle. For example:

Crystal Structure Data of Inorganic Compounds · Key Element: O Part 2 shows up in the volume list as

Key Element: O Part 2

Crystal Structures of Inorganic Compounds · Structure Types Part 1: Space Groups (230) Ia-3d -(219)-F43-c shows up as

Crystal Structures of Inorganic Compounds · Structure Types Part 1: Space Groups (230) Ia-3d -(219)-F43-c

Phase Equilibria, Crystallographic and Thermodynamic Data of Binary Alloys · Ac-Ag … Au-Zr shows up as 

Ac-Ag … Au-Zr


Alternative databases for locating crystallographic information if you find something in SpringerMaterials:

Inorganic Crystal Structure Database  (ICSD)

SciFinder and REAXYS (any articles referenced in SpringerMaterials will also be indexed in SciFinder, and possibly Reaxys).

Why we don’t have Springer Materials

More Information on Landolt-Börnstein

Landolt-Börnstein  is a vast and systematic collection of physical and chemcal properties of materials.  The verified  physical  data available reflect numerical data and functional relationships in physics, physical chemistry, biophysics, geophysics, astronomy, materials science, and technology.  Earlier volumes (to the 1980’s) are in German.

Thanks to Teri Vogel (UCSD) and Chuck Huber (UCSB): text on their pages used above.



If you can’t find the property you are looking for, try using:


Thermodex:  Index of Selected Thermodynamic and Physical Property Resources

Identify the type of compound and properties you are looking for, and ThermoDex will return a list of handbooks that may contain these data.  This resource was developed for use at the University of Texas, Austin, links are provided to identify library holdings in your area – or use the Library Catalog to look for the handbooks identified.

With many thanks to the University of Texas Libraries.

 


Chemical Pricing and Market Data


Finding sources for bulk chemical pricing and market data can be quite difficult.  In many cases these data simply may not be available.  Use these guides to search for available information.

Bulk Chemical Prices

With thanks to David Hubbard, Texas A&M University Libraries

Chemical Prices

With thanks to Jill Powell, Cornell University Library

 

 

 

Sax’s Dangerous Properties of Industrial Materials    

T55.3 H3 S3, Reference
Print copy: use the index to locate substance by name, or CAS number.
Data available include:  basic properties, toxicity (generally includes LD50 data), safety profile, and regulatory information.

 

Sigma Aldrich Library of Chemical Safety Data

T55.3 H3 S54 1985, Reference
Use the index to locate substance by name, formula, CAS number, Aldrich catalog number, Sigma product number.
Data available include: toxicity, health hazards, chronic effects, first aid, incompatibility, decomposition products, basic properties.

 

UC Safety Data Sheets    (SDS, formerly: MSDS Material Safety Data Sheets

SDS via various sources.
Safety Data Sheets provide information on how chemical substances can be safely handled, stored, and used. They generally indicate health, material, and physical hazards; exposure limits; and precautions.  

 

RightAnswer

Use your UC Davis credentials to log on.
Search for SDS by CAS#, substance name, or manufacturer name.

 

Sigma-Aldrich

Use search box in top right to search for SDS by CAS#, substance name, or manufacturer name.
Freely available, no log in necessary.

 

 

TOXNET (Toxicology Data Network)

A cluster of databases on toxicology, hazardous chemicals, and related areas. Includes: Hazardous Substances Data Bank (good source for LD50 data), Integrated Risk Information System, Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System, GENE-TOX, TOXLINE, Toxics Release Inventory, CHEMIDplus among others.

 

MICROMEDEX

Contains information on drugs from a health care/clinicians perspective.  Toxicology information available includes: range of toxicity, treatment overview, clinicial effects, mechanism of action (pharmacokinetics), and references.

Visit the Shields Second Floor Library Reference Desk for additional help. The librarians working there will be happy to show you how to search a database, find an article or journal, and answer any other questions you have.

  • Library  and  Reference Desk Hours     (Fall, Winter, Spring quarters)
    • Shields Library (2nd floor)    Ref Desk:  Mon-Fri: 11am-5pm
    • Carlson Health Sciences Library (main floor)  Circulation Desk:   Mon-Fri 8am-5pm   (No reference desk, ask for help at the Circulation Desk)

Map to Campus Libraries:  

Campus Map